"The Spanish Treasure Fleets" (used book)
The Spanish Treasure Fleets
by Timothy R. Walton
About the book
Used book. Hardcover. Dust jacket included. Good condition
Europe was bursting with energy in the late 15th century, but progress was being hindered by a shortage of reliable currency. Columbus was aware of this, and one of the main goals of his voyage was to find gold. The first large amounts of precious metals from the New World were the plunder that came from the Spanish victory over the Aztecs and Incas. Mints in the colonies began producing large numbers of silver pieces of eight, which became the main cargo of the treasure fleets and a standard currency all over the world.
The wealth of the New World quickly crossed the Atlantic and spread throughout Europe, where it was enthusiastically welcomed by monarchs building nation-states and merchants establishing trade ties to the Orient. Soon the Spanish treasure fleets were regularly crossing the Atlantic in great convoys, and Spain became the greatest power in the world, creating a truly global economy.
But Spain lacked the resources and knowledge to retain control. The glittering steam of wealth from the New World became an irresistible temptation to other European powers, and adventures such as England’s Sir Francis Drake began successful attacks on the ports and ships of the treasure fleets. Storms and deadly reefs claimed countless other ships. By the early 1700s Spain had lost its monopoly on the world trade, and other countries were laying claim to colonies in the New World.
The pieces of eight survived to become the model for the American silver dollar. Tales of fabulous Spanish treasure kept memories of the treasure fleets alive. After World War II divers using new technology began finding not only large amounts of silver and gold but also valuable information about the history of Europe’s influence on the world. The mysteries of treasure known to exist but not yet discovered continue to fascinate us to this day.